Latest Resistance management for sustainable agriculture and improved public health

Diamondback Moth

Plutella xylostella

P. xylostella is a highly migratory, cosmopolitan species and one of the most important pest of cruciferous crops worldwide. Globally, direct losses and control costs are estimated to be US$ 1 billion. In temperate regions, P. xylostella are unable to overwinter and therefore annual outbreaks are attributed to migration, but in tropical and subtropical regions there can be a large number of continuous generations per year. P. xylostella is considered to be one of the most difficult pests to control and for many years continuous insecticide applications have been the main tool with the result that today this species shows resistance to almost all insecticides, including recently introduced compounds with new modes of action.

Key diamondback moth resources


Title Year Author(s) Publisher
Dominant Inheritance of Field-Evolved Resistance to Fipronil in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) Vol. 109 (1), pp. 334-338. DOI: 2016 Wang X, Wu S, Gao W, Wu Y Journal of Economic Entomology
Geographic spread, genetics and functional characteristics of ryanodine receptor based target-site resistance to diamide insecticides in diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella Vol. 63, pp.14-22. DOI: 10.1016/j.ibmb.2015.05.001 2015 Steinbach D, Gutbrod O, Lümmen P, Matthiesen S, Schorn C, Nauen R Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Frequencies of the M918I mutation in the sodium channel of the diamondback moth in China, Thailand and Japan and its association with pyrethroid resistance Vol. 102 (2), pp. 142-145. DOI: 10.1016/j.pestbp.2011.12.005 2012 Sonoda S, Shi X, Song D, Zhang Y, Li J, Wu G, Liu Y, Li M, Liang P, Wari D, Matsumura M, Minakuchi C, Tanaka T, Miyata T, Gao X Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Insecticide resistance in populations of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), from the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Vol 40 (2), DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2011000200017 2011 Santos VC, de Siqueira HAA, da Silva JE, de Farias MJDC Neotropical Entomology
Resistance to emamectin benzoate in Plutella xylostella collected from different geographic locations Vol. 4 (1) pp. 168-171 2011 Patil SS, Ugale TB, Lande GK, Barkhade UP International Journal of Plant Protection
Widespread pyrethroid resistance in Australian diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), is related to multiple mutations in the para sodium channel gene Vol. 101 (4), pp 393-405. DOI: 10.1017/S0007485310000684 2011 Endersby NM, Viduka K, Baxter SW, Saw J Bulletin of Entomological Research
Current control methods for diamondback moth and other brassica insect pests and the prospects for improved management with lepidopteran-resistant Bt vegetable brassicas in Asia and Africa Vol 29 (1) pp. 68-79, DOI: 10.1016/j.cropro.2009.08.009 2010 Grzywacz D, Rossbach A, Rauf A, Russell DA, Srinivasan R, Shelton AM Crop Protection
Alternatively spliced sodium channel transcripts expressed in field strains of the diamondback moth Vol. 38 (9), pp. 883-890. DOI: 10.1016/j.ibmb.2008.06.006 2008 Sonoda S, Igaki C, Tsumuki H Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Investigation of resistance mechanisms to fipronil in diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) Vol. 99(3):914-9. 2006 Li A, Yang Y, Wu S, Li C, Wu Y Journal of Economic Entomology
Monitoring of diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) resistance to spinosad, indoxacarb, and emamectin benzoate Vol. 99(1):176-81, DOI: 10.1603/0022-0493(2006)099[0176:MODMLP]2.0.CO;2 2006 Zhao JZ, Collins HL, Li YX, Mau RF, Thompson GD, Hertlein M, Andaloro JT, Boykin R, Shelton AM Journal of Economic Entomology
High-altitude migration of the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella to the U.K.: a study using radar, aerial netting, and ground trapping Vol. 27 (6) pp 641-650, DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2311.2002.00472.x 2002 Chapman Jw, Reynolds DR, Smith AD, Riley JR, Pedgley DE, Woiwod IP Ecological Entomology
Binding and toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis protein Cry1C to susceptible and resistant diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Vol. 93(1):1-6 2000 Liu YB, Tabashnik BE, Masson L, Escriche B, Ferré J Journal of Economic Entomology
Toxicological, Electrophysiological, and Molecular Characterisation of Knockdown Resistance to Pyrethroid Insecticides in the Diamondback Moth, Plutella xylostella(L.) Vol. 59 (3), pp. 169-182. DOI: 10.1006/pest.1998.2320 1998 Schuler TH, Martinez-Torres D, Thompson AJ, Denholm I, Devonshire AL, Duce IR, Williamson MS Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Detoxifying Enzymes of Selected Insect Species with Chewing and Sucking Habits Vol. 83 (2) pp 361-365, DOI: 10.1093/jee/83.2.361 1990 Hung CF, Kao CH, Liu CC, Lin JG, Sun CN Journal of Economic Entomology

The information provided is based on literature reviews and as such IRAC cannot guarantee or be held accountable for the accuracy of the reports.

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