Latest Resistance management for sustainable agriculture and improved public health

Brown marmorated stink bug

Halyomorpha halys

The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) (Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera : Pentatomidae), is native to Asia (China, Taiwan, Korea and Japan) and has emerged in recent decades as a major insect pest of worldwide importance due to its exceptional capacity to colonize new habitats. Accidentally introduced outside its native range, BMSB has become established in North America (mid-1990s), Europe (2007) and South America (2017); it has also been detected yet eradicated multiple times in Australia. In regions where it has established, BMSC’s high dispersal capacity, polyphagia (~ 200 host plant species) and ability to compete with endemic species have assisted its fast spread across the Globe.

H halys causes significant agricultural losses Worldwide, especially to specialty crops such as orchard fruits (apples, stone and pome), grapes, ornamental plants, vegetables, seed crops, as well as many staple crops.  H halysis also a nuisance pest, well known for its invasion of human structures such as houses, schools and other indoor spaces in large numbers when it overwinters (Sparks et al 2020).

H halys is a multivoltine species with up to five generations reported in southern China. In the mid-Atlantic region of the USA, it has one or two generations per year. In Switzerland H. halyshas only one generation per year (Haye et al., 2014). Non-reproductive adults overwinter and gradually emerge from overwintering sites beginning around March or April and propagating summer time.

Management programs for H. halys in cultivated crops relies primarily on repeated insecticide sprays. While a number of commonly used products are effective against this pest (e.g., neonicotinoids, carbamates, pyrethroids, etc.), the continuous challenge revolves around the unrestricted influx of new stink bug adults from surrounding vegetation and therefore causes the necessity for multiple, repeated applications.

Recently, more researchers have explored the natural enemy complex and their viability to be introduce into the pest management tactics (IPM).


Resistance Profile

Heavy reliance on one class of insecticides such as pyrethroids could potentially result in resistance development in H. halys populations. However, at present, there are no documented cases of insecticide resistance. Because of its very broad host range and movement from crop to crop and to wild vegetation within a landscape the selective pressures for resistance development in H. halys are relatively low compared with monophagous and less mobile insect pests.

Key brown marmorated stink bug resources


Title Year Author(s) Publisher
Brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål), genome: putative underpinnings of polyphagy, insecticide resistance potential and biology of a top worldwide pest 2020 Sparks ME, Bansal R, Benoit JB BMC Genomics
Review of the chemical control research on Halyomorpha halys in the USA 90:1021–1031 2017 Kuhar TP, Kamminga K Journal of Pest Science
Phenology, life table analysis, and temperature requirements of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, in Europe 87, pages 407–418 2014 Haye T, Abdallah S, Gariepy T, Wyniger D Journal of Pest Science
Tracing the origin of US brown marmorated stink bugs, Halyomorpha halys 16:153–166 2014 Xu J, Fonseca DM, Hamilton GC, Hoelmer KA, Nielson AL Biological Invasions
Review of the Biology, Ecology, and Management of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in China, Japan, and the Republic of Korea 42(4): 627-641 2013 Lee DH, Short BD, Joseph SV, Bergh JC, Leskey TC Environmental Entomology
Toxicity of insecticides to Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) using glass-vial bioassays Vol. 101 (4), pp. 1439-1442 2008 Nielsen AL, Shearer PW, Hamilton GC Journal of Economic Entomology

The information provided is based on literature reviews and as such IRAC cannot guarantee or be held accountable for the accuracy of the reports.

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